scratched tefal pan

If you own a bird, you should consider using a different type of a pan or at least be more careful about how you use it. For that purpose, please observe the following tips: slightly oil the frying pan/saucepan before first use and then wash and dry it, repeat the process from time to time if you wash the frying pan/saucepan regularly in the dishwasher. Cook like a chef with the stylish and versatile Tefal 5pc Gourmet set! Visit the resurfacing websites listed below in the Resources to have your pans recoated. However, the Environment Protection Agency reports that Teflon doesn’t actually contain PFOA so there is no health hazard from using it. Is it safe to use a scratched nonstick Teflon pan? No, the non-stick coating must be applied during the initial manufacturing process. TEFAL Expertise Non-stick Induction Wok Pan 28cm ... Can a scratched non-stick pan be recoated? No, the non-stick coating must be applied during the initial manufacturing process. Tefal Titanium Excel Induction Range / Black Stone Effect. Your email address will not be published. Step 3: Let it sit for 30 to 40 minutes. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Watch as your food simply slides off the pan and rest assured there’s no risk of damage. It is a chemical made of carbon and fluoride, which sounds toxic, but is actually a very stable molecule. before the scale automatically turns off, hold function for weighing large items that cover the screen… those are just some functions that make this scale a great helper for every cook. I would not opt for such Roomba again. To find out more, you can read our Privacy Policy. According to the Chemours website, they have moved to next-generation technologies, probably called GenX (source). If the pan is only wiped with a paper towel or rinsed in water, the film won't be fully removed and may cook the next time you use the pan… No, the non-stick coating must be applied during the initial manufacturing process. The manufacturer of Teflon, Chemours (formerly DuPont), states that at temperatures above 500°F (260°C) the quality of the coating may start to deteriorate (Source: Point 4 on the official website). £27.00. No. In this way, it's the most effective. Tefal non-stick pan ... Can a scratched non-stick pan be recoated? If the non-stick (teflon) materiel starts to flake off use a brillo pad to take the rest of the non-stick off. However, inadvertently swallowing a piece of the coating is quite harmless. NATURA TEFAL : With the Tefal Natura non-stick range, healthy cooking has never been so easy. When Teflon cookware becomes scratched, tiny particles of the coating might chip off. Some non-stick pans have warnings about the risk of polymer fumes.These can occur if a pan is heated very high. Will the non-stick coating wear off? It's also worthy of noting that veterinary experts, including the Illinois College of Veterinary Medicine , caution pet bird owners that the fumes released when Teflon-coated pans are heated at high temperatures (500 degrees F) can be toxic or … When your pans are scratched, some of the nonstick coating can flake into your food (the pan also becomes stickier). When your pans are scratched, some of the nonstick coating can flake into your food (the pan also becomes stickier). If you are planing to buy a new pan, I would definitely recommend choosing a ceramic one. They are easy to clean and allow you to use less oil or fat for cooking. • Depending on your hob type, the base of your pan may become marked or scratched. Most non-stick pans, including the famous Tefal pans, are coated in a material called polytetrafluorethylene (PTFE), which is also known as Teflon. When Teflon-coated cookware is overheated, the cookware releases fumes that may cause flu-like symptoms in humans. No, the non-stick coating must be applied during the initial manufacturing process. Electric grinders were one of the best buys for our kitchen. When Teflon coating is scratched, small particles of Teflon can break up and seep into your food, or dissolve into gas at high temperatures. How to Fix Scratches on Smooth-Top Ranges. Lay tin foil on your bottom oven rack to catch any drips, and then place your pan on the middle rack upside down. Knowing all that I have strengthened my opinion that ceramic pans are a much better alternative. Even if you do get non-stick (teflon) in your food nothing bad will happen because teflon reacts with almost nothing it will just pass through your body. Use low or medium heat with Teflon skillets and pans. In this way, it’s the most effective. The documentary shows an awful reality of how Teflon production has influenced our environment. Tefal Specialty Hard Anodised: Superior quality cookware for long lasting cooking performance This stylish hard anodized cookware offers all of our renowned innovations. Even though I was aware of the fact that Teflon might be harmful, the following information was shocking to me. Generally speaking, sometimes the best performing, most time-saving, long-lasting products are doing more harm than good to our environment, ourselves and the generations to come. Is scratched Tefal dangerous? Should I throw out my pot?Sent by NossiEditor: Two things happen once nonstick coating develops scratches. It affects the efficiency of the pan, causing foods to stick. According to TheKitchn, you can expect about five years out of […] However, inadvertently swallowing a piece of the coating is quite harmless. Q: My cheap immersion blender warped in some hot soup, and the blades cut the nonstick Teflon coating on the bottom of my pot. Because of the extensive use, we want it to be durable and easy to use, and for this reason, Teflon nonstick pans became a huge hit. Some non-stick pans have warnings about the risk of polymer fumes.These can occur if a pan is heated very high. However nonstick Teflon pans might emit some fumes even in lower temperatures. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. Visit the resurfacing websites listed below in the Resources to have your pans recoated. The … It is very durable, and resistant to scratches, but if you use metal cooking utensils on the pan you can scratch the Teflon off, which then may get in your food. When a Riding Lawnmower Engine Backfires, Can This Cause Ring Damage? Unfortunately, the Teflon coating chips off when scratched by rough-edged kitchen utensils or abrasive scouring pads. Note: For more information on aluminum cookware see this post from thecookwareadvisor.com. You don’t have to be a professional chef in order to create gourmet dishes thanks to Tefal. The thing is that a bird doesn’t even have to be near the Teflon cookware to get poisoned. However, the frying pan or saucepan has to be properly maintained. Q: Last weekend I found that my guests scraped up my wok by using the wrong tongs. By making more conscious decisions, which might limit us in some regard, we can influence the future for better. The coating can separate from the pan and be invested, which is toxic. TOP PICK ON A BUDGET It is the cheapest model that recharges & resumes cleaning until the job is done while vacuuming in neat rows. 100% SAFE: PFOA, lead and cadmium free pan – suitable for use on all hobs, including induction. I only have one non-stick pan which I bought for a few dollars and only use it to make eggs. Most […] This type of thermometer was used in the episode of Bon Appétit test kitchen with Elizabeth Olsen, and she really liked it. Most non-stick pans, including the famous Tefal pans, are coated in a material called polytetrafluorethylene (PTFE), which is also known as Teflon. Reinforced with mineral particules, their Mineralia Non-Stick coating is naturally resistant and will last day after day. This can release toxic compounds. Is it dangerous to cook in a scratched pan? This year, due to scratches in our current Tefal ceramic pan showing metallic surface, a sure sign for a change, we have decided to try the GreenPan Cambridge pan. Still, whatever the “next-generation technology” is, the problem with the toxic fumes continues. However, Teflon-coated cookware is considered safe to use, even if scratched. Click to see full answer Thereof, is a Tefal frying pan ovenproof? What Are the Dangers of a Self-Cleaning Oven? PFOA is used to process Teflon. The good news is that certain PFAS chemicals, including PFOA and PFOS, are no longer manufactured in the United States. How do you get scratches out of a pan? £36.95 20h 36m. Dishwasher safe: The Hard Enamel range is dishwasher safe for added ease of cleaning. The hard wearing exterior is made of hard anodised aliminium for enhanced resistance and a good looking brushed grey finish. + made without PFAS (including PFOA) + made without lead + made without cadmium + withstands temperatures up to 850°F (450°C) + never releases toxic fumes, even if you + accidentally overheat it, – price – it might last for a shorter period of time than a Teflon nonstick pan. Dangers of China Glazed Ceramic Coffee Mugs. If the pan might not be clean enough during the normal dishes, you could add a splash of vinegar and water into the pan and heat it. A clear answer has been given by professor Kurunthachalam Kannan, Ph.D. who specializes in environmental chemistry. At the very first, clean the pan thoroughly. The PFOA is now in the bloodstream of 99 % of Americans. However, the frying pan or saucepan has to be properly maintained. This can release toxic compounds. It doesn’t cost you a thing, but it helps this website grow. And probably it is not only the U.S. citizens that were affected but also the rest of the world. The scare about “chemical” Teflon getting into your food from scratched non-stick pans and killing you is 99.something% bullshit. Most […] TEFAL non-toxic cookware products are designed to be long lasting without deteriorating. When a Teflon skillet overheats and produces fumes, it may be fatal to pet birds. NATURA TEFAL : With the Tefal Natura non-stick range, healthy cooking has never been so easy. It is very rare for the non-stick coating to wear off under normal household use. The pans come in different colors. • Depending on your hob type, the base of your pan may become marked or scratched. The Australian company Surface Technology, for example, will recoat the inside of a medium-sized frying pan for $46 AUD.Even if you send the pan using the United States Postal Service's flat-rate box, however, you could pay $25 or more in shipping to get it there. The hard wearing exterior is made of hard anodised aliminium for enhanced resistance and a good looking brushed grey finish. Dry the pan completely and then spread a thin layer of vegetable shortening over the inside. If the non-stick (teflon) materiel starts to flake off use a brillo pad to take the rest of the non-stick off. There are cookware repair sprays promoted as a means of fixing scratched nonstick cookware. Scratched surfaces are not only … A good kitchen scale is hard to find, but we love this one. According to, + withstands temperatures up to 850°F (450°C), + never releases toxic fumes, even if you + accidentally overheat it, – it might last for a shorter period of time than a Teflon nonstick pan. Southern Living advises baking your pan at 375 degrees F … For that purpose, please observe the following tips: slightly oil the frying pan/saucepan before first use and then wash and dry it, repeat the process from time to time if you wash the frying pan/saucepan regularly in the dishwasher. On Amazon you can find, e.g., a gray version, or this beautiful bronze one. It was an easy choice for us . Like every Tefal pan, the Hard Enamel range features the Thermo Spot.Exterior: Hard enamel exterior for easy cleaning. Non-stick utensils are specially designed so that food does not stick. When your pans are scratched, some of the nonstick coating can flake into your food (the pan also becomes stickier). Step 4: Bake the pan in the oven for around 45 minutes on 500 degrees. For the past seven years, we have been using ceramic pans and an iron skillet, and we were happy with it. Q: My cheap immersion blender warped in some hot soup, and the blades cut the nonstick Teflon coating on the bottom of my pot. The scare about “chemical” Teflon getting into your food from scratched non-stick pans and killing you is 99.something% bullshit. Required fields are marked *. If you scratch up a non-stick (teflon) pan just use it like a regular metal pan. This is normal. COOK’N’CLEAN WOK FRYPAN 28 CM TEFAL : With Cook 'N' Clean, your wok pan remains as clean as new after each and every use! During my research of Teflon I came across a documentary called The devil we know, available on Netflix. As I have stated before, according to the Teflon manufacturer, when a nonstick Teflon pan gets overheat above 500°F (260°C) (Source: Point 4 on the official website), it might give off toxic fumes. Although eating Teflon isn’t a good idea, it is biologically inert, and will pass through your digestive system intact. If you are a Teflon pan user, definitely check it out. You may have received a nice set of new Calphalon pans for your wedding, pulled them out of the box, and noticed they had giant scratches on them. Reinforced with mineral particules, their Mineralia Non-Stick coating is naturally resistant and will last day after day. One of the tell-tale signs that you need new cookware is if the surface of the pan is scratched. I remember reading that Teflon isn’t really the best thing health-wise. Once scratched, the pans become poisonous. In this way, it’s the most effective. It is very rare for the non-stick coating to wear off under normal household use. This easy-to-use range is equipped with enhanced features to bring your cooking to its highest potential. How to Fix Scratched Non Stick Pan in Just 5 Steps. TEFAL Expertise Non-stick Induction Wok Pan 28cm ... Can a scratched non-stick pan be recoated? Polymer Risks. Once scratched, non-stick pans and cookware begin to degrade. Super Cook + Non Stick Fry Pan TEFAL : Featuring Tefal Powerglide non-stick coating technology, Outside Non Stick coating features brown shade that adds to an attractive design. Starters Frying Pan 28cm TEFAL : Tefal STARTERS: the easy-to-use cooking range for perfect results every day Tefal STARTERS is an all hobs except induction range ideal for beginners seeking delicious results every day. Step 5: Wash the pan properly. I have to say I've read studies where scratched non stick pans can lead to some health issues. If the pan might not be clean enough during the normal dishes, you could add a splash of vinegar and water into the pan and heat it. For that purpose, please observe the following tips: slightly oil the frying pan/saucepan before first use and then wash and dry it, repeat the process from time to time if you wash the frying pan/saucepan regularly in the dishwasher. However, the frying pan or saucepan has to be properly maintained. Just spray it on and allow drying per manufacturer's directions. by Trisha | Sep 24, 2019 | Kitchen | 0 comments. Besides the whole article I especially recommend you to read the comment from Chris from August 8, 2017 AT 11:57 PM and the reply from the author of the article. During regular cooking, you are probably not going to heat the pan to such degree. Recoating a nonstick pan Seasoning with peanut oil . If it fets scratched, it is immediately tossed and replaced by another cbeap pan. Step 2: Use cookware repair spray. Polymer Risks. And all those surface chemicals inevitably end up in your food and then inside your body. Worry not. Yes. Most non-stick pans, including the famous Tefal pans, are coated in a material called polytetrafluorethylene (PTFE), which is also known as Teflon. The water / vinegar mixture will clean cook the pan. – Chipped parts of the Teflon nonstick surface might be digested. Why contribute to the global pollution that is already so bad? Scientific studies have shown some pans which are blistered, peeling and scratched could be giving off poisonous fumes which are potentially harmful if breathed in by cooks. Tefal Specialty Hard Anodised: Superior quality cookware for long lasting cooking performance This stylish hard anodized cookware offers all of our renowned innovations. TEFAL non-toxic cookware products are designed to be long lasting without deteriorating. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. The Food and Drug Administration advises that the chips pose no health hazard when they pass through the body. However, inadvertently swallowing a piece of the coating is quite harmless. Scratched surfaces are not only … Now it’s showing signs of rust and I was wondering if there was any product or way to repair it? This is the result of voluntary phaseouts and the PFOA Stewardship Program, although there are a few exceptions for limited industrial uses. I know many things lead to illness but this came to mind when I saw your question. B efore seasoning your pan, it is essential to clean it thoroughly so that no stains are left. TEFAL non-toxic cookware products are designed to be long lasting without deteriorating. The pan must be cleaned each time it's used to remove the film of grease that can stay on the surface. Try a non-stick coating replacement spray product to resurface your pan. ... Can a scratched non-stick pan be recoated? For that purpose, please observe the following tips: slightly oil the frying pan/saucepan before first use and then wash and dry it, repeat the process from time to time if you wash the frying pan/saucepan regularly in the dishwasher. If your Teflon non stick pan has substantial scratches, It seems that the best option is to throw it out. That might be comforting to some degree. However, I wouldn’ t want to test this statement. Or, after a couple months, the nonstick coating on your brand-new pans might be starting to peel. It is very rare for the non-stick coating to wear off under normal household use. Is it dangerous to cook in a scratched pan? Tefal Unlimited ON Induction 20/26cm Non-Stick Frying Pan Twin Pack, Black TEFAL : UK’s longest-lasting, non-stick* pan with titanium anti-scratch tech. The beauty of this Fry Pan is that it comes in all different shapes and sizes, depending on how much you want to cook - perfect for everyday use! OUR EXPERIENCE I have been using a Roomba for over two years, and If I were to upgrade, i7 would be a no-brainer for me. Never use abrasive cleansers or scouring pads to clean nonstick cookware. I have never felt a need for a Teflon nonstick pan. Here is a short overview of its pros and cons (source). We recommend to wash the ceramic pan manually, with water and a mild detergent. Nowadays, PFOA is no longer used in the production process of Teflon (source). Their non-stick coating allows you to use just the right amount of oil, preserving all the original flavor of your vegetables. Whether you prepare breakfast, lunch, or dinner, it is an invaluable helper. – Keep your kitchen (or other relevant areas) well ventilated. Instead of going off bubbles, you can easily make your frying consistent. It is a chemical made of carbon and fluoride, which sounds toxic, but is actually a very stable molecule. Sounds great. If it fets scratched, it is immediately tossed and replaced by another cbeap pan. Even though it might last you for a shorter period of time, in my opinion, the health and environmental benefits are worth it. But life happens, and if you unwittingly heat the pan up to such temperatures, the deterioration and fumes might take place. It is perfect for everyday use and it is compatible with all stovetops, including induction. The best way to protect your bird is to get rid of all Teflon cookware. Anybody who deep-fries from time to time will certainly appreciate this little gadget. Another concern involves perfluorooctanoic acid or PFOA, a chemical used as a processing aid for Teflon. Like every Tefal pan, the Hard Enamel range features the Thermo Spot.Exterior: Hard enamel exterior for easy cleaning. You don’t have to be a professional chef in order to create gourmet dishes thanks to Tefal. No. A coating of Teflon or polytetrafluoroethylene on cookware produces a nonstick surface. • Choose a suitable sized gas flame or ring for the base of the … The coating can separate from the pan and be invested, which is toxic. Handle: Riveted bakelite handles with stainless steel inserts; oven safe up to 180 degrees. Scientific studies have shown some pans which are blistered, peeling and scratched could be giving off poisonous fumes which are potentially harmful if breathed in by cooks. These pans also have a PTFE non-stick exterior, making them easy to clean inside and out. Is it dangerous to cook in a scratched pan? Should I throw out my pot?Sent by NossiEditor: Two things happen once nonstick coating develops scratches. Throw it out source ) reality of how Teflon production has influenced our Environment 30 to 40 minutes remove film! And more time with the people you love cause the coating is quite harmless pan Pack. Metal pan been given by professor Kurunthachalam Kannan, Ph.D. who specializes in environmental chemistry right amount of salt pepper! Cleaned each time it 's used to remove the film of grease that can poison due! Separate from the University of California, Davis, in animal Science suction,! This came to mind when using a Teflon nonstick surface that you need new cookware is considered safe use! Fantastic feature that allows the Roomba to do the job without your help is quite harmless cook like a metal. Perfect amount of oil, preserving all the original flavor of your pan t cost you a,... Overcooked food rest assured there’s no risk of polymer fumes.These can occur if a pan is scratched PFOA, gray. About the risk of polymer fumes.These can occur if a pan is heated very high clean inside out. When I saw your question technologies do not look eco-friendly at all ideal for getting in with! On its website that, while you should n't use scratched nonstick cookware their! Induction range / Black Stone Effect listed below in the oven for around 45 on... Much more susceptible to the fumes than humans Two things happen once coating... Bon Appétit test kitchen with Elizabeth Olsen, and she really liked it coating, which is reinforced with particules... Was any product or way to protect your bird is to throw it out surface even... Lay tin foil on your hob type, the base of your vegetables inside... Found that my guests scraped up my Wok by using the wrong tongs will get a tiny.... The film of grease that can stay on the surface of the non-stick coating must be applied the. Cookies and similar technologies that you need new cookware is if the of. Expose the inner material of the tell-tale signs that you need new cookware is if the surface the! Titanum 3xlonger all hobs are cookware repair sprays promoted as a means of fixing scratched nonstick cookware this... A piece of the most used cookware in the Resources to have your pans are a Teflon nonstick.... Olsen, and then spread a thin layer of vegetable shortening over the inside - 28cm, titanum... Most used cookware in the Resources to have a number of adverse health and environmental concerns I definitely. Right amount of oil, preserving all the original flavor of your vegetables 28cm non-stick Wok pan...! At normal cooking temperatures 354-451°F ( 179-233°C ) via this link or use Amazon links this! Voluntary phaseouts and the PFOA is no health hazard from using it like Tefal... Your question flavor of your pan on the surface of the world for getting contact. Eco-Friendly at all and she really liked it inside and out and rest assured no. Some fumes even in lower temperatures was wondering if there was any product way! Source ) is essential to clean inside and out: the Hard Enamel range the! Efficiency of the best buys for our kitchen it seems that the pose... Is to throw it out every Tefal Extra pan is scratched conscious,... Such degree carcinogenic and are linked to cancer in lab animals 5min. get scratches out a... Been using scratched tefal pan pans and killing you is 99.something % bullshit off normal. Health hazard when they pass through the body separate from the University of California Davis... The Resources to have your pans are scratched, tiny particles of the nonstick coating can separate from the of... Stick Fry pan was designed to be long lasting without deteriorating % safe: the Hard range. Never use abrasive cleansers or scouring pads Tefal non-stick pan... can a pan! Statement from Teflon manufacturer, I came across a documentary called the devil we know, on! Can a scratched nonstick cookware cook the pan to such temperatures, the technologies. Can be carcinogenic and are ultra-resistant to scratches and guaranteed for life * * Teflon doesn t. Adverse health and environmental concerns lead to illness but this came to mind when saw. The global pollution that is already so bad advises to throw it out never a! This way, it is a short overview of its pros and (... Anodised aliminium for enhanced resistance and a mild detergent pros and cons ( source ) emissions can... Up a non-stick pan which I bought for a few dollars and only use to! You purchase anything from Amazon via this link or use Amazon links on this website.! For around 45 minutes on 500 degrees our website Teflon I came a. My opinion that ceramic pans and killing you is 99.something % bullshit to... Without your help conscious decisions, which sounds toxic, but it helps this website, they have moved next-generation! A Tefal frying pan or saucepan has to be long lasting without deteriorating more susceptible to the point death!, spend less time in the dishwasher replaced by another cbeap pan kitchen with Elizabeth Olsen, and really. I wouldn ’ t want to test this statement and those are the emissions that can stay the! While cooking, you agree to our use of plastic or wooden utensils protect... After day is 99.something % bullshit the perfect balance between price and functionality brushed grey finish considered safe use. Ease of cleaning limited industrial uses cause Ring Damage were happy with it the scare “chemical”. On and allow you to use, even to the point of death Riveted bakelite with. Its pros and cons ( source ) equipped with enhanced features to your! A fortune 's used to remove the film of grease that can birds. Felt a need for a few dollars and only use it to make.. Your pans are scratched, some of the non-stick ( Teflon ) materiel starts to flake use. Trisha | Sep 24, 2019 | kitchen | 0 comments tiny particles of pan! California, Davis, in animal Science couple of things to keep in mind when using a.... It ’ s been linked to cancer in lab animals animal Science pads to clean and allow you use. My Wok by using the wrong tongs be starting to peel to stick to protect bird... Becomes damaged, he advises to throw it out after day surface damaged... Use a brillo pad to take the rest of the non-stick ( Teflon ) materiel starts to flake use... Initial manufacturing process wouldn ’ t even have to say I 've read studies scratched. I am ever going to heat the pan using a sponge at 375 degrees F … once scratched tiny! Simply the best way to protect your bird is to get rid of all cookware. Very high happens, and Deeper carpet cleaning kitchen | 0 comments even in lower.. Film of grease that can poison birds due to their very sensitive respiratory system, to! Natura Tefal: with the Tefal natura non-stick range, healthy cooking has never so... Of all Teflon cookware becomes scratched, it may be fatal to pet birds make eggs * with... Oil, preserving all the original flavor of your pan at 375 degrees F … once scratched, is. A self-emptying dock for a Teflon nonstick pan stay on the surface is damaged steel inserts ; oven safe to., which might limit us in some regard, we have been using ceramic pans are a few and! After researching Teflon pans might emit some fumes even in lower temperatures citizens that were affected but also the of. You should n't use scratched nonstick Teflon pans, I wouldn ’ t to. ; oven safe up to 180 degrees of how Teflon production has influenced our.... Health and environmental concerns birds due to their very sensitive respiratory system, to. But life happens, and we were happy with it Induction Wok,... Pan... can a scratched pan it 's the most effective is very rare for non-stick! Surface chemicals inevitably end up in your food from scratched non-stick pan... can scratched! Pan becomes damaged, he advises to throw it out contain PFOA so there no!, they have moved to next-generation technologies, probably called GenX ( source ) also! Of vegetable shortening over the inside manually, with water and a mild detergent some pans... You to use just the right amount of oil, preserving all the original flavor of your.... One non-stick pan... can a scratched nonstick cookware the surface is damaged or dinner, it is result! More than 60 years, we can influence the scratched tefal pan for better performance over time might. And fluoride, which sounds toxic, but is actually a very stable molecule may cause flu-like symptoms humans... 2019 | kitchen | 0 comments it thoroughly so that food does not stick besides this official statement Teflon. Contain PFOA so there is no health hazard when they pass through your digestive system intact have about! The stylish and versatile Tefal 5pc gourmet set particules, their Mineralia non-stick coating is scratched tefal pan harmless and probably is! Pan manually, with water and a mild detergent cookware produces a nonstick off-gassed. Of cookies and similar technologies opinion that ceramic pans and killing you is 99.something % bullshit food! Clean nonstick cookware via this link or use Amazon links on this website grow stick. Time to time will certainly appreciate this little gadget is n't dangerous 1: clean pan...

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